Marčetić, Darijan; Ribarić, Slobodan; Štruc, Vitomir; Pavešić, Nikola
In: 37th International Convention on Information and Communication Technology, Electronics and Microelectronics (MIPRO), pp. 1288–1293, Mipro IEEE, 2014.
An experimental tattoo de-identification system for privacy protection in still images is described in the paper. The system consists of the following modules: skin detection, region of interest detection, feature extraction, tattoo database, matching, tattoo detection, skin swapping, and quality evaluation. Two methods for tattoo localization are presented. The first is a simple ad-hoc method based only on skin colour. The second is based on skin colour, texture and SIFT features. The appearance of each tattoo area is de-identified in such a way that its skin colour and skin texture are similar to the surrounding skin area. Experimental results for still images in which tattoo location, distance, size, illumination, and motion blur have large variability are presented. The system is subjectively evaluated based on the results of tattoo localization, the level of privacy protection and the naturalness of the de-identified still images. The level of privacy protection is estimated based on the quality of the removal of the tattoo appearance and the concealment of its location.